An Innovative Multiphased Strategy to Recruit Underserved Adults into a Randomized Trial of a Community-Based Diabetes Risk Reduction Program

Posted: Sep 19, 2011
Gerontologist. 51. Suppl 1. S82-93.
KEYWORDS: Underserved, Older Adults, Hispanic or Latino, Verbal Communications, Non-Cancer


Providing disease-specific health education and risk assessment prior to study recruitment may improve the accrual of underserved populations.

Why this item may be useful

This article describes a two-phase strategy used to recruit underserved Spanish-speaking adults into a diabetes risk reduction study. Community-based organizations provided space for conducting the study. Phase I featured outreach events at venues located near the participating organizations; activities included diabetes education, risk assessment, and diabetes screening. In Phase II, the researchers described the trial to eligible individuals and enrolled those who agreed to participate. Based on their recruitment success in this study, the authors speculate that people who have already invested time (by participating in education and screening) are more likely to express interest when a research project is explained to them.


  • Ninety percent of people who participated in Phase I expressed interest in hearing about the trial as part of Phase II.
  • Of 427 eligible individuals, 56 percent enrolled, of whom 78 percent were ethnic minorities.